Before discussing writing, the meaning of this term should be defined. Writing is an artificial bearer of thoughts and images that conveys them from the writer’s mind to the reader. In most cases, people write either due to the necessity or because they choose to write for their own reasons and purposes. Every writer may have its own goals for writing. However, the long-range purpose of writing is a communication with a particular audience. Any purpose helps a writer to decide what form of writing to choose, how to organize the writing process, how official or unofficial writing style should be arranged, and how much should be written.
The most common kinds of writing purposes are informing, expressing, describing, entertaining, explaining, arguing, persuading, evaluation, and problem solving (Veit 8-9). Informational writing is the most important purpose of writing. The purpose of informational writing is to perform the information as accurately and objectively as possible. Expository writing is also one of the most common types. The goal of such kind of writing is to explain all features and characteristics of people, things, phenomena and actions mentioned in the presented text. The author should gather information, combine all the facts, and give the clarification to the readers about particular information.
Expressive writing is a personal kind of writing that is usually informal and is aimed to close readers. Expressive writing includes placing thoughts and feelings of the author on the page. Within descriptive writing, the writer has an aim to perform things, people, places, phenomena, moments or theories in details and it helps the reader to identify what the author is writing about. The right description should make the readers feel as they are a part of the author's experience of the subject. The purpose of the entertaining writing is to inform, learn and explain something in a humorous way. Its goal is to entertain and relax the readers.
The arguing writing is based on efforts to make the audience believe or follow the certain idea, which is disclosed by the writer with facts and arguments. Although many people believe the terms “argument” and “persuasion” are interchangeable, however, they have quite different meanings. The arguing writing is based on logic and straight facts. However, the persuasive writing may choose any strategy to effect the results after reading of such text. The abovementioned kind of writing can be based on emotions, images or characters, anything accepting facts and logic if needed. Evaluating is a frequent purpose of writing based on evidence to support the value claim. In this writing, the writer must adhere to three main parameters of criteria, evidence, and judgment. Writing with the purpose to solve a problem usually offers two criteria: a description of any serious problem and the arguments for its solving.
The process of writing of a well-structured and high-quality paper is not that easy. The writer has to answer a number of questions for to achieve the writing process. One of the most important issues is the identification of the target audience to which the writer aims the paper. The choice of the audience helps the author in solving other issues as well. First of all, the writer must choose the form of writing in order to identify in which way to organize the writing process. After solving the first two issues, the writer should define the kinds of evidences, which he or she will cite in his paper. All above mentioned criteria will help the writer to choose the writing style that can be official or unofficial and, thereafter, the proper genre. Following the chosen parameters, the writer can detect how much should be written (Tyner 2-8). However, the writer must always master his writing skills to perform high-quality papers.
Tyner, Thomas, E. Writing Voyage: A Process Approach to Basic Writing. Ed. Annie Todd. 8th ed. Massachusetts: Lyn Uhl, 2007. Print.
Veit, Richard, and Christopher Gould. Writing, Reading, & Research. Ed. Margaret Leslie and Kathy Sands-Boehmer. 8th ed. Massachusetts: Lyn Uhl, 2009. Print.